The class is also available as part of a Knowledge Collection$35 7-Hour HIV/AIDS See Details
Discusses infection control, legal and ethical issues, and psychosocial issues in more detail than the 2 hour course. Designed for most licensed healthcare providers.
Table of Contents
1. Infection Control
2. Legal & Ethical Issues
3. Psychosocial Issues
In 1992, OSHA implemented the "Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens" standards in order to minimize occupational exposure to Hepatitis B, HIV and other Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP). The standard details "what employers must do to protect workers whose jobs put them at a reasonable risk of coming into contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials."
Bloodborne Pathogens include any pathogen present in blood or other potentially infectious material (OPIM) that can infect and cause disease in a contaminated person.
The bloodborne pathogens that pose the greatest risk are Hepatitis B and C viruses (HBV/HCV) and HIV. HCV is currently the most common chronic bloodborne pathogen in the United States. Some of the other BBPs include: malaria, hepatitis D, syphilis, brucellosis, ebola, and viral hemorrhagic fever.
Who is covered?: The standard specifically applies to employees who are required by their job to administer first aid. lt does not automatically apply to every employee trained in first aid. However, it is an important guideline to be utilized for any potential occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
To clarify, employees whose job description and duties require them, as part of their job, to render first aid are covered by the standard. For example:
• police officers
• housekeepers in medical facilities
• employees whose job description requires them to provide first aid Employees, trained in first aid, but whose job does not require them to render aid, are not covered. Employers, however, are encouraged to offer follow-up services for 'Good Samaritan' responders as well as for trained responders.
What is required?
Areas covered by the standard in order to reduce or control occupational exposure include:
- Providing personal protective equipment (PPE)
- Utilizing engineering and work practice controls
- Implementing an Exposure Control Plan
Companies must have an Exposure Control Plan which identifies tasks where exposure may occur. Employees falling under the plan must receive:
- protective equipment, and
- other benefits, such as vaccinations (Hepatitis B) within 10 days of employment.
The training should help employees to be able to assess risk and practice standarad precautions (next section). Hepatitis B vaccinations should be made available for all employees with occupational exposure to blood and OPIM. The standard also specifies procedures to be followed for all employees who have had an exposure incident.