The class is also available as part of a Knowledge Collection$24 Parenting: The Preschool Years See Details
Discusses the emotional, cognitive and language development of preschoolers. Explores principles of growth and development and school readiness.
Table of Contents
- Emotional Development
- Language Development
- Cognitive Development
- Principles of Growth & Development
- School Readiness
Emotional development for 3 year olds starts with learning to use words to express emotions. They finally have a label to go with the emotions they have been experiencing. They think others see them as they see themselves.
At this point, they are likely to make friends. They are social creatures. They are beginning to develop the concept of sharing, although they may still argue about possessions. The development of the sharing concept will take quite some time. Be sure to give the child plenty of time and opportunity to fully develop the ability. 3 year olds may display a number of fears. Do not dismiss them as foolish. They are trying to make sense of the world, and with their limited understanding of how things work and affect each other, they make up their own theories. Help them to understand that you are there to support them, be consistent, loving and nurturing. Spend time helping them to work out their feelings.
Children start to form a conscience around 4 years old. They begin to know the difference between good and bad. This is a time for seeking approval from friends. It is important at this age to be a part of a group of children and accepted by your peers (it starts so young!). 4 year old children enjoy being with friends and can play cooperatively. They may boast, brag, lie or steal. They are working on coping skills, so they are prone to lose control easily and have mood swings that are unpredictable.
Children’s capacity to regulate their emotional behavior continues to advance during the preschool stage of development. Emotional preparation is crucial for a child to develop the skills necessary to regulate their own emotional states. It is necessary to help preschoolers acquire skills to cope with negative emotional states by teaching and modeling use of verbal reasoning and explanation. For example, when preparing children for a potentially emotional event, such as a trip to the doctor's office or a weekend trip away from home, you can offer comforting advice such as "the doctor only wants to help"or "you will have lots of fun doing . . . this weekend".